English phrase three

一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词 afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 choose to do sth. 决定做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 demand to do sth. 要求做某事 determine to do sth. 决心做某事 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 help to do sth. 帮助做某事 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 learn to do sth. 学习做某事 manage to do sth. 设法做某事 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事 pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 promise to do sth. 答应做某事 refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词: aim to do sth. 打算做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词 advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事 bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事 beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事 elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

二、forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事 get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事 hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事 help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 intend sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事 invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事 mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事 oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 persuade sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事 trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事 want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事 注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型: 汉语说:“害怕某人做某事”,但英语不说fear sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说refuse sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“惩罚某人做某事”,但英语不说punish sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说approve sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“通知某人做某事”,但英语不说inform sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“欢迎某人做某事”,但英语不说welcome sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“坚持某人做某事”,但英语不说insist [persist] sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth.。 汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth.。 要表示以上意思,可换用其他表达: 汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth. 汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth. 汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth. 汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth. 汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth. 汉语的“感谢某人做某事”,英语可说成thank sb. for doing sth. 汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth. 汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.

三、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词 admit doing sth.承认做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事 discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事 excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 keep doing sth. 保持做某事 mention doing sth. 提及做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 miss doing sth. 错过做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事 permit doing sth. 允许做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事 prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事 put off doing sth. 推迟做某事 report doing sth. 报告做某事 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 understand doing sth. 理解做某事

四、接现在分词作宾补的20个常用动词 bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事 discover sb. doing sth.发现某人做某事feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事 find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事 keep sb. doing sth.使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事 look at sb. doing sth.看着某人做某事notice sb. doing sth.注意到某人做某事observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事set sb. doing sth.使(引起)某人做某事start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事 stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事

五、接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词 feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事 have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事 observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事

六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词 like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事 hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事

prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事 begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事 start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事 continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事 can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事 bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事 intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事 attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事 cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事

七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词 (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事 remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事
regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事 (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事 try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事 mean doing sth. 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事
can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事
go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事 注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。

八、可接双宾语的38个常用动词

(1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词
award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人 bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人 hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人 mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人 owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物 pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱) post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听 return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人 send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人 sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人 serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人 show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看 take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人 teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物 tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况 throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人 write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信

(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词 book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物 choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物 cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物 draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物 fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物 find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物 fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物 make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物 order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物 pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物 prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物 sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌) spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物 steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物 注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义相同,如bring,play等: Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me.把今天的报纸拿给我 He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。 有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义不同,如leave等: They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。 My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me. 我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。 而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse等: He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子的钱太多。 He asked me some questions. 他问了我一些问题。 This caused me much trouble. 着给我带来了许多麻烦。 He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了5美元。 His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让他丢了工作。 I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你的好运。 They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅了他的鲁莽。 He refused her nothing. 她要什么就给什么。

九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词 accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事 cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物 cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯 inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事) remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事) rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物 rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况

十、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词 blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事 criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事 forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事 scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事 thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事

十一、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词 cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事
trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事
force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事 argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事
talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事
frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事 persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事

十二、容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词

正:deal with a problem 处理问题 正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人 正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事 正:knock on [at] the door 敲门 正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术 正:participate in sth. 参加某事 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物 正:rely on sb./ sth.依靠(依赖)某人某物 正:reply to a letter 回信

注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist, reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。

十三、容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词

正:serve sb. 为某人服务 正:marry sb. 与某人结婚 正:discuss sth. 讨论某事
正:mention sth. 提到某事 正:enter a room 进入房间 正:contact sb. 与某人联系 正: equal sth. 等于某物 正:ring sb. 给某人打电话

注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enter into可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如: The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。 I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。 The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。

十四、17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构

be angry about 为……生气 be anxious about 为……担忧 be careful about 当心…… be certain about 确信…… be curious about 对……好奇 be disappointed about 对……失望 be excited about 对……感到兴奋 be glad about 对……感到高兴 be happy about 为……感到高兴 be hopeful about 对……抱有希望 be mad about 对……入迷 be nervous about 为……感到不安 be particular about 对……讲究 be sad about 为……而难过 be serious about 对……认真 be sure about 对……有把握 be worried about 为……担忧

十五、10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构

be angry at 为……生气 be bad at 不善于…… be clever at 擅长于…… be disappointed at 对……失望 be expert at 在……方面是内行 be good at 善于…… be mad at 对……发怒 be quick at 在……方面敏捷 be skilful at 在……方面熟练 be slow at 在……方面迟钝

十六、18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构

be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对……有害,对……不利 be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以……出名 be convenient for 对…方便,在…附近 be eager for渴望 be famous for 因……闻名 be fit for 合适,适合 be good for 对……有益(方便) be grateful for 感谢 be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对……有必要 be ready for 为……准备好 be sorry for 因……抱歉 be suitable for 对……合适(适宜) be thankful for 因……而感激 be well-known for以……出名

十七、6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构

be absent from 缺席,不在 be different from 与……不同 be far from 离……远,远远不 be free from 没有,免受 be safe from 没有……的危险 be tired from 因……而疲劳

十八、13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构

be concerned in 与……有关 be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望 be engaged in 从事于,忙于 be experienced in 在……方面有经验 be expert in 在……方面是行家 be fortunate in 在……方面幸运 be honest in 在……方面诚实 be interested in 对……感兴趣 be lack in 缺乏 be rich in 富于,在……方面富有 be skilful in 擅长于 be successful in 在……方面成功 be weak in 在……方面不行

十九、18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构

be afraid of 害怕 be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧 be aware of 意识到,知道 be capable of 能够,可以 be careful of 小心,留心 be certain of 确信,对……有把握 be fond of 喜欢 be free of 没有,摆脱 be full of 充满 be glad of 为……而高兴 be nervous of 害怕 be proud of 为……自豪 be short of 缺乏 be shy of 不好意思 be sick of 对……厌倦 be sure of 肯定,有把握 be tired of 对……厌烦 be worthy of 只得,配得上

二十、20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构

be accustomed to 习惯于 be blind to 对……视而不见 be close to 靠近,接近 be cruel to 对……残酷,对……无情 be devoted to 献身,专心于 be equal to 等于,能胜任 be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉 be harmful to 对……有危害 be important to 对……重要 be open to 对……开放,易受到 be opposed to 反对,不赞成 be opposite to 在……对面,和……相反 be polite to 对……有礼貌 be related to 与……有关(是亲戚) be respectful to 尊敬 be rude to 对……无礼 be similar to 与……相似 be true to 忠实于,信守 be used to 习惯于 be useful to 对……有用

二十一、16个常用“be+形容词+with”结构

be angry with 对(某人)生气 be bored with 对……厌烦 be busy with 忙于 be careful with 小心 be concerned with 关于,与……有关 be content with 以……为满足 be delighted with 对……感到高兴 be disappointed with 对(某人)失望 be familiar with 熟悉,精通 be honest with 对(某人)真诚 be ill with 患……病 be patient with 对(某人)有耐心 be pleased with 对……满意(高兴) be popular with 受……欢迎 be satisfied with 对……满意 be strict with 对(某人)严格

二十二、24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构

in advance of 在……前面 in aid of 帮助 in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益 in case of 如果,万一,以防 in celebration of 庆祝 in charge of 负责,管理 in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in defence of 保卫 in explanation of 解释 in face of 面对 in favour of 赞成,主张 in front of 在……前面 in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in memory of 纪念 in need of 需要 in place of 代替 in possession of 拥有 in praise of 称赞 in respect of 关于,就……而言 in search of 寻找,搜找 in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方 in spite of 虽然,尽管 in support of 为了支持(拥护) in view of 鉴于,考虑到 注:同时注意一下相似结构: in exchange for 作为对……的交换 in preparation for 为……作准备 in return for 作为……的报答 in reward for 作为……的报酬 in addition to 加之,除……之外 in answer to 回答,响应 in contrast to [with] 与……形成对比 in opposition to 与……相反,反对 in reply to 作为对……的回答(答复) in response to 回答,响应 in [with] reference to 关于 in [with] regard to 关于

二十三、27个带to doing sth.的常用结构 1.动词+介词to+动名词

(1) admit to doing sth. 承认做了某事 (2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事 (3) object to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) see to doing sth. 负责做某事 (5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事 (6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事

2.动词+宾语+介词to+动名词

(1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事 (2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事 (3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事 (4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内 (5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事

3.动词+名词+介词to+动名词

(1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事 (2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事 (3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事 (4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事 (5) have an objection to doing sth. 反对(反感)做某事 (6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事 (7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某事

4.be+形容词+介词to+动名词 (1) be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能胜任做某事 (2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 (3) be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事 (5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事 (6) be limited to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内

5.其他结构+介词to+动名词 (1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处理某事 (2) look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事 (3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事如何?

一、常用固定搭配

1、with the help of 在……帮助下 under the leadership / care of 在…领导/关心下 2、be strict with sb 对……人要求严格 be strict in sth、 对……事要求严格 3、at present=at the present time 目前 for the present 暂时 4、in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下 under the sun 在世界上 5、lie in 位于……之内 lie on 同……接壤 lie to 位于……之外 6、at least 至少 in the least 丝毫,一点 7、by name 名叫 in the name of 以……名义 8、in the air 空中,在流传 on the air 播出 9、in the way 挡路,障碍,用……方法 in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上 get one’s own way to do 随心所欲 give way 让步,屈服 lose one’s way 迷路 by the way 顺便说一下 on one’s way to 在去……的路上 come this way 这边走 10、at the corner 在拐角处(外角) in the corner 在角落里(内角) on the corner 在角落上(外角上) 11、judge by / from 根据……来判断 judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断 12、at the end (of) 在……结束时 at the beginning of 在……开始时 at the back of 在……背后,支持 at the age of ……岁时 at the foot of 在……脚下 at the bottom of 在……底部 at the top of 在……顶上 at/on the edge of 在……边上 13、in the course of 在……过程中 in the eyes of 从……观点看来,在……眼里 in the face of 面对,尽管,纵使 in the middle of 在……中间 in the end =at last=finally 最后 14、on the eve of 在……前夕 on the side of 在……一边 15、after a time = after some time 过一段时间后 for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间 16、behind time 迟到,过期 behind the times 落在时代后面 17、at no time 决不 in no time 立即,马上 18、at one time = once time 曾经 at a time = each time 每次 at times = sometimes 有时 at all times 经常,一直,始终 at the same time 同时 at the time 在……的时候 by the time 到……的时候 19、for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 暂时 at the moment 当时 the moment /minute /instance 正当……一刹那 20、once or twice 一两次 more than once 不止一次 once more 重新,又 once upon a time 从前 once in a while 偶尔

二、常用动词固定搭配 1、以break为中心的词组 break away from 脱离,逃离 break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚 break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始 break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 break the law 违反法律 break the record 破记录 break one’s promise 失言 break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

2、以catch为中心的词组 be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨 catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒 catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见 catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

3、以come为中心的词组 come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付 come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 come back 回来;恢复,复原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 come from 来自,起源于,从……产生,生于 come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 come into power 开始执政,当权,当选 come into use 开始使用,获得应用 come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台(问题)被提出 come to know 开始了解到 come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于 come to an end 终止,结束 come true 实现,成为现实;证实 come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4、以do为中心的词组 be done in 精疲力竭vv be done with 完全结束 do a good deed 做一件好事 do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 do good to (=do sb good) 有益于 do harm to (=do sb good) 有害于 do its work 有效,有作用 do much 极有用 do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework做作业 do one’s utmost 尽力而为 do proud 足以使……骄傲 do sb justice 公平对待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing, etc) 搞卫生 do sb a favor 帮助某人 do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和……相处,忍受,处理 do without 不需要,不用
do wonders 创造奇迹 have much to do with 和……很有关系 have nothing to do with 与……无关 have something to do with 和……有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 That will do 行了;够了

5、以get为中心的词组 get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲 get accustomed to 习惯于,对……习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 get ahead of 胜过,超过 get along 前进,进步;同意;离去 get along with 与……相处
get used to 习惯于 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 have got to do 不得不,必须
get away 离开,逃脱 get back 取回,回来;报复
get behind 落后;识破 get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来 get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得 get home 到家 get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 get upon with 进步;在……方面获得成功 get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 get out of 由……出来,从……得出;避免;退休 get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 为……作准备 get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见 get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

6、以give为中心的词组
be given to 沉溺于,癖好
give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就
give ear to 侧耳倾听 give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 give back 归还
give cause 给予……的理由 give forth 发出,放出;发表
give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向……让步 give off 发出(烟,气味)
give out 分发,公布 give oneself out to be/as 自称为 give oneself up to 专心于;向……自首 give place to 让位于,被……所替代 give rise to 引起,导致;使……发生 give sb to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止 give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7、以look为中心的词组 look about 四下环顾;查看
look after 照顾,看管 look around 东张西望
look at 注视,着眼于 look back 回顾
look for 寻找;期待,期望 look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窥视;调查;浏览
look like 看起来象 look on 旁观;面向
look up to 仰望,尊敬 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过……看去;看穿;浏览

8、以make为中心的词组 be made from 由……原料制成 be made of 由…材料制成
be made up of 由……组成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗
make a mistake 弄错 make a point of doing 强调;认为…重要;决心,坚持 make advantages/use of 使用,利用 make after 追求,追赶
make believe 假装 make certain 确信,把……弄清楚 make contact with 接通,与…接触,与…联系 make for 去向,向……前进;有利于 make friends with 和……交友 make into 把……制成,使……转变为 make much of 重视;理解;赏识 make one’s mind on sth 决定某事 make one’s own 当作自己的看待 make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视 make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装 make up to 接近,巴结;向……求爱 make way for 为……让路,让路于 on the make 急求成功;增加

9、以put为中心的词组 put aside 把……放在一边;搁置;排除 put away 把…放好,把…收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 put back 把……放回原处;驳回 put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议 put …… into 把……放入;插入;翻译成 put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 put on 上演;穿上,带上
put up with 忍受,容忍 put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志 put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

10、以take为中心的词组 be taken aback 吃惊
take a seat 就坐 take a shower 淋浴,洗澡
take aim 瞄准,设立目标 take away 拿走,减去;夺去 take …… by surprise 出奇制胜 take one’s place 就坐,入坐 take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 take office 就职,上任
take …… for 把……当作 take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱
take one’s temperature 量体温 take part in 参与,参加
take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 take place = happen 发生,举行 take the place of 代替 take pride in 以……为荣,对……骄傲 take sb by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

11、以turn为中心的词组 give a new turn to 对……予以新的看法 in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 take one’s turn to do 轮到做 turn a blind eye to 对……视而不见 turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度 turn back 折回,往回走 turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 turn into 走进;变成,变为 turn to …… for help 求助于 turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关)解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产 turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向 turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 turn to 变成;着手于 turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

三、其它固定搭配 1、be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial 2、be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance 3、to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight 4、in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight 5、by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire 6、at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night 7、out of breath / control / question / sight 8、in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum / general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight 9、on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle 10、for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale 11、by weight ( volume size number…… ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus, taxi, ship, boat……) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight 12、at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work / night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large 13、as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact 14、above all / measure / normal 15、before all / long / time / now / then 16、after all / class / school 17、out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/ doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock / 18、with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence 19、beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example 20、under age / discussion / test / way / repair

初中英语常用词组

(一)由be构成的词组 1)be back/in/out 回来/在家/外出 2)be at home/work 在家/上班 3)be good at 善于,擅长于 4)be careful of 当心,注意,仔细 5)be covered with 被……复盖 6)be ready for 为……作好准备 7)be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶 8)be interested in 对……感到举 9)be born 出生 10)be on 在进行,在上演, (灯)亮着 11)be able to do sth. 能够做…… 12)be afraid of (to do sth. that…)
害怕……(不敢做……,恐怕……) 13)be angry with sb. 生(某人)的气 14)be pleased (with) 对……感到高兴(满意) 15)be famous for 以……而著名 16)be strict in (with) (对工作、对人)严格要求 17)be from 来自……,什么地方人 18)be hungry/thirsty/tired 饿了/渴了/累了 19)be worried 担忧 20)be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做…… 21)be covered with 被……所覆盖…… 22)be in (great) need of (很)需要 23)be in trouble 处于困境中 24)be glad to do sth. 很高兴做…… 25)be late for ……迟到 26)be made of (from) 由……制成 27)be satisfied with 对……感到满意 28)be free 空闲的,有空 29)be (ill) in bed 卧病在床 30)be busy doing (with) 忙于做……(忙于……)

(二)由come、do、get、give、go、have、help、keep、make、looke、put、set、send、take、turn、play等动词构成的词组 1)come back 回来 2)come down 下来 3)come in 进入,进来 4)come on 快,走吧,跟我来 5)come out出来 6)come out of 从……出来 7)come up 上来 8)come from 来自…… 9)do one's lessons/homework 做功课/回家作业 10)do more speaking/reading 多做口头练习/朗读 11)do one's best 尽力 12)do some shopping (cooking reading, cleaning) 买东西(做饭菜,读点书,大扫除) 13)do a good deed (good deeds)做一件好事(做好事) 14)do morning exercises 做早操 15)do eye exercises 做眼保健操 16)do well in 在……某方面干得好 17)get up 起身 18)get everything ready 把一切都准备好 19)get ready for (=be ready for) 为……作好准备 20)get on (well) with 与……相处(融洽) 21)get back 返回 22)get rid of 除掉,去除 23)get in 进入,收集 24)get on/off 上/下车 25)get to 到达 26)get there 到达那里 27)give sb. a call 给……打电话 28)give a talk 作报告 29)give a lecture (a piano concert) 作讲座(举行钢琴音乐会) 30)give back 归还,送回 31)give……some advice on 给……一些忠告 32)give lessons to 给……上课 33)give in 屈服 34)give up 放弃 35)give sb. a chance 给……一次机会 36)give a message to…… 给……一个口信 37)go ahead 先走,向前走,去吧,干吧 38)go to the cinema 看电影 39)go go bed 睡觉(make the bed 整理床铺) 40)go to school (college) 上学(上大学) 41)go to (the) hospital 去医院看病 42)go over 过一遍,复习/ go over to 朝……走去
43)go fishing/skating/swimming/shopping
去钩鱼/滑冰/游泳/买东西 44)go home (there) 回家去(去那儿) 45)go round 顺便去,绕道走 46)go up 上去 47)go out for a walk 外出散步 48)go on (doing) 继续(做……) 49)go on with one's work 继续某人的工作 50)go upstairs/downstairs 上/下楼 51)(the lights) go out (灯)熄了 52)have a lesson (lessons)/a meeting 上课/开会 53)have a football match (basketball match) 举行一场足球(蓝球)赛 54)have dictation 听见 55)have a try 试一试 56)have a good/wonderful time 玩得很高兴 57)have a lecture (a piano concert) 听讲座(听钢琴音乐会) 58)have a report (talk) on 听一个关于……的报告 59)have a glass of water (a cup of tea) 喝一杯水,(一杯茶) 60)have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭 61)have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭(三餐饭) 62)have a dinner 吃正餐 63)have bread and milk for breakfast 早饭吃面包和牛奶 64)have (have got) a headache 头痛 65)have a fever 发烧 66)have a cough (a cold) 咳嗽(感冒) 67)have a look (at) 看一看…… 68)have a rest (a break) 休息一会儿(工间或课间休息) 69)have a talk 谈话 70)have a swim/walk 游泳/散步 71)have sports 进行体育锻炼 72)have a sports meet (meeting) 开运动会 73)have something done 让人(请人)做…… 74)have a test/an exam 测验/考试 75)have an idea 有了个主意 76)had better do sth. (not do sth.) 最好做……(最好不要做……) 77)have a word with 与……谈几句话 78)help sb. with sth. help sb. do sth. 在……方面帮助…… 帮助……做 79)help oneself to some chicken/fish/meat
请随便吃点鸡/鱼/肉 80)help each other 互相帮助 81)keep up with 跟上……,不落后于…… 82)keep silent/quiet 保持沉默/安静 83)keep sb. doing sth. 使……一直做…… 84)keep one's diary 记日记 85)make a noise (a lot of noise, much noise, noises) 吵闹(十分嘈杂,响声) 86)make a living 谋生 87)make sb. do sth. 迫使某人做…… 88)make faces (a face)做鬼脸 89)make friends (with)与……交朋友 88) 90)make a mistake (mistakes)犯错误 91)make room/space for 给……腾出地方 92)make a sentence (sentences)with 用……造句

93)make a fire 生火 94)be made from/of 由……制成 95)be made in 在……地方制造 96)look out of (outside) 往外看(看外面) 97)look up a word (in the dictionary) 查字典 98)look up 往上看,仰望 99)look after 照管,照看,照顾 100)look for 寻找 101)look like 看上去像 102)look fine/well/tired/worried
看起来气色好/健康/疲劳/忧虑 103)look out 当心,小心 104)look on …as… 把……当作……看待 105)look around 朝四周看 106)look at 看着…… 107)put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子),上演(戏剧) 108)put up 建造,搭起,挂起,举起,张帖 109)put into 使进入,输入 110)put one's heart into 全神贯注于 111)put…down… 把……放下 112)put…into… 把……译成 113)set up 竖起,建起 114)set off 出发,动身 115)set out 出发 116)set an example for 为……树立榜样 117)send for 派人去请(叫) 118)send out 放出,发出 119)end up 把……往上送,发射 120)take one's advice 听从某人劝告 121)take out 拿出,取出 122)take down 拿下 123)take place 发生 124)take one's place 坐……的座位,代替某人职务 125)take the place of 代替…… 126)take a walk/rest 散步/休息 127)take it easy 别紧张 128)take sth.with sb. 随身带着 129)take sb. to a park/London for one's holidays
带某人去公园/伦敦度假 130)take care of 关心,照顾,保管 131)take a look (a last look) at 看一看(最后看一眼) 132)take an exam 参加考试 133)take away 拿走 134)take back 收回,带回 135)take hold of 抓住…… 136)take off 脱下(衣,帽,鞋等)拿掉 137)take (an active) part in (积极)参加(活动) 138)take photos 拍照
139)take some medicine 服药 140)take a bus/train, boat/ 乘公共汽车,火车/船 141)turn on 开,旋开(电灯,收音机等) 142)turn off 关上(电灯,收音机等) 143)turn in 交出,上交 144)turn…into… 变成 145)turn to 翻到,转向 146)turn down (把音量)调低 147)turn…over 把……翻过来 148)play basketball 打篮球,football 踢足球,volleyball 打排球
149)play games 做游戏 150)play the piano (the violin) 弹钢琴(拉小提琴) 151)play with snow 玩雪 152)play a joke (on) 对……开玩笑

(三)由其他动词构成的词组 150)153)think over 仔细考虑 154)arrive at/in a place 到达某处 155)eat up 吃完,吃光 156)do well in 在……干得好 157)enjoy doing sth. like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 喜欢干某事 158)find out 发现,查出(真相等) 159)finish off 吃完,喝完 160)stop doing sth. 停止做某事 161)stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事 162)hold a meting 举行会议 163)hold up 举起 164)hurry up 赶快,快点 165)enter for 报名参加 166)langht at 嘲笑 167)be used to 习惯于 168)used to 过去常常 169)wake…up 唤醒 170)work out 算出

二、动词短语、介词短语和其他词组 1)ask for 向……要……,请求 2)ask for leave 请假 3)send for 派人去请(叫) 4)pay for 付……的款 5)wait for 等候 6)thank for 为……感谢 7)apologize to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人道歉 8)look for 寻找 9)leave…for 离开……去…… 10)fall off 跌落 11)catch cold 着凉,伤风 12)catch up with 赶上 13)agree with sb. 赞成,同意某人的意见 14)filled……with 把……装满 15)tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事 16)talk about 谈论…… 17)think about 考虑…… 18)worry about 担忧…… 19)look after 照料 20)run after 追赶,跟在后面跑 21)read after 跟……读 22)smile at 对……微笑 23)knock at 敲(门、窗) 24)shout at 对……大喊(嚷) 25)throw away 扔掉 26)work hard at 努力做…… 27)wait in line 排队等候 28)change…into… 变成 29)hurry into… 匆忙进入 30)run into… 跑进 31)hear of 听说 32)think of 认为,考虑 33)catch hold of 抓住 34)instead of 代替…… 35)hand in 交上来 36)stay in bed 卧病在床 37)hear from 收到……来信 38)at once 立刻 39)at last 最后 40)at first 起先,首先 41)at the age of… 在……岁时
42)at the end of… 在……之末 43)at the beginning of… 在……之初 44)at the foot of… 在……脚下 45)at the same time 同时 46)at night/noon 在夜里/中午 47)with one's help
在某人的帮助下,由于某人的帮助 48)with the help of … 在……的帮助下 49)with a smile 面带笑容 50)with one's own eyes 亲眼看见 51)after a while 过了一会儿 52)from now on 从现在起 53)from then on 从那时起 54)far example 例如 55)far away from 远离 56)from morning till night 从早到晚 57)by and by 不久 58)by air mail 寄航空邮件 59)by ordinary mail 寄平信 60)by the way 顺便说 61)by the window 在窗边 62)by the end of… 到……底为止 63)little by little 逐渐地 64)in all 总共 65)in fact 事实上 66)in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁时 67)in a hurry 匆忙 68)in the middle of 在……中间 69)in no time (in a minute) 立刻,很快 70)in time (on time) 及时 71)in public 公众,公开地 72)in order to 为了…… 73)in front of 在……前面 74)in the sun 在阳光下 75)in the end 最后,终于 76)in surprise 惊奇地 77)in turn 依次 78)of course 当然 79)a bit (of) 有一点儿 80)a lot of 许多 81)on one's way to 某人在去……的路上 82)on foot 步行,走路 83)a talk on space 一个关于太空的报告 84)on the other hand 另一方面 85)at/on the weekend 在周末 86)on the left (right) 在左(右)边 87)on the other side of 在……另一边 88)on the radio 通过收音机(无线电广播) 89)to one's joy 使……高兴的是 90)to one's surprise 使……惊讶的是

三、量词词组和其他词组 (一)量词词组 1)a bit 一点儿 2)a few (of) 一些(可数),几个…… 3)a little 一些(不可数) 4)a lot of (lots of) 许多 5)a piece of 一张(一片,块) 6)a cup of 一茶怀 7)a glass of 一玻璃杯 8)a pile of (piles and piles of) 一堆(一堆堆的)…… 9)a box of 一盒 10)a copy of 一份,一本

11)a bowl of 一碗 12)a basket of 一篮 13)a plate of 一盘 14)a bottle of 一瓶 15)a basin of 一脸盆 16)a set of 一套 17)a kind of 一种 18)a type of 一种类型的 19)a great deal of 非常多,大量的(不可数名词) 20)a large (great) number of
非常多,大量的(可数名词) 21)a great many 大量,许多(可数名词) 22)a different type of 一种不同型号的 23)a group of 一队,一组,一群

(二)其他词组 1)all kinds of 各种各样的 2)all over the world/the country 全世界/全国 3)all over 遍及每一部分,浑身 4)all one's life 一生 5)one after another 顺次 6)the Children's Palace 少年宫 7)day after day 日复一日 8)up and down 上上下下 9)the day after tomorrow 后天 10)the day before yesterday 前天 11)the last/past two years (or so) 最近两年(左右) 12)the whole country/the whole world 全国/全世界 13)a moment ago 刚才 14)just now/then 刚才/那时 15)half an hour's walk 步行半小时的路程 16)late on 过后,后来

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